With advances in DNA testing, it has been reclassified as a Cladonia. Ascomycota. A symbiotic species of algae and fungi. Luckily, the Cairngorm National Park has loads of good clean air, so the lichen grows well for the reindeer to munch on! Wikipedia. Reindeer lichen is a good source of carbohydrates, which are extracted by special enzymes in the reindeers’ digestive system, but a poor source of protein. Cladonia is a genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae.They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. Carpets of Cladina can cover huge areas. Until recently, Cladonia rangiferina ("reindeer moss" or "reindeer lichen") was placed in the genus Cladina. Cladonia species are of economic importance to reindeer-herders, such as the Sami in Scandinavia or the Nenets in Russia. Cladonia. During the winter months, reindeer feed largely on lichen, so rather than leaving the reindeer carrots this Christmas, maybe you could search for some lichen to leave out for them. Its branches are between 4-6cm long and are tipped with red spore-producing structures. The light green species Cladonia stellaris is used in flower decorations. 22. Newfoundland. беларуская: Кладзіна аленевая čeština: Dutohlávka sobí Deutsch: Rentierflechte English: Gray reindeer lichen, Grey-green reindeer lichen suomi: Poronjäkälä Nordfriisk: Rendiartmöösk norsk: Reinlav polski: Chrobotek reniferowy русский: Ягель, Олений мох, Кладония оленья svenska: Renlav This is done by boiling the lichen several times in clean water to which can be added bicarbonate of soda. Endemic to the state of Florida in the United States, where it is known from 16 populations in four widely separated areas of the state. Individual species require expert identification. Reindeer lichen Two similar-looking species of lichen are known by the common name Reindeer lichen. Hustich – reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. Real Reindeer Lichen And Other Lichen Species. Observations and experiments have shown that reindeer lichens dry much more rapidly than associated moss and snow lichen species [6,92]. The plant forms dense groundcover in dry heath- and rocky forests as well as in fell landscapes. This plant has no children Legal Status. Sphaerophorus ("tree coral") can be found on the bark of many evergreens. The tiny branches are numerous and it produces dense mats of dull cottony type growth, between 1- 4 inches in length. When water is scarce , the plant dries out and becomes dormant. But erratic winter weather can make it hard for them to get to their food. It is spongy and rubbery when moist, but becomes dry and brittle in times of little rain and will crunch if stepped on. Interpreting Wetland Status. Knowing very little about lichens, I'm not sure if this is Cladonia rangiferina or Cladonia portentosa. - A reindeer’s favourite food is Lichen. Like other types of lichen, reindeer moss is a good indicator of environmental quality because of its high absorption from the surrounding air. As a continental species, it doesn’t grow often in the archipelago. 3) Reindeer can live for up to 15 years in the wild, although domesticated reindeer (reindeer that are cared for by humans), can live for as long as 20 years. Genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae. Other Names: Reindeer Moss, Reindeer Lichen. Fungi. Nyl. They provide winter food for caribou (reindeer). Wetland Status. Reindeer lichen, (Cladonia rangiferina), a fruticose (bushy, branched) lichen found in great abundance in Arctic lands. Antibiotic compounds are extracted from some species to create antibiotic cream. Botanical Name: Cladina species. So far, California is the only jurisdiction with an official lichen (lace lichen, chosen in 2015). This acid can cause severe stomach cramps if consumed in any quantity. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina mitis (Sandst.) O MPHALINA 15. Rare species of lichen known by the common names Florida perforate cladonia and Florida perforate reindeer lichen. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Cladina stellaris . They resemble tiny white, grey or greenish shrubs or coral with numerous branches. In the laboratory, C. rangiferina dried "rapidly" after soaking when compared to associated moss-layer bryophytes from the New Jersey pine barrens [ 91 ], and the drying rate of reindeer lichen samples was 1.7 times that of the wetting rate [ 92 ]. Over the winter, reindeer rely on reindeer lichen and a few other lichen species for roughly 90% of their food, with an adult reindeer having to eat 4-8kg of this food a day. Food. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Cladoniaceae. It is important to remove as much of the acid as possible before eating. Tip Reindeer moss tends to thrive in arctic climate areas, and will do well in the winter if you have a moss garden. Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. Sphaerophorus globosus lichen. Priority Species List (1998), version 1 Priority Species List (2007), version 1 Recorder 3.3 (1998), version 1 Red Data Book of British Lichens (Church et al., 1996), version 1 Species … This lichen produces erect and branched thalli (named podetia) that are several centimetres high. Although known as a moss, it is in fact a fruticose lichen … They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina stellaris (Opiz) Brodo – star reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. Reindeer lichens (Cladina species), too, grow on the ground and belong to the fruticose group. JSON; GBIF; Encyclopaedia of Life; Biodiversity Heritage Library; PESI [counting] records This map contains both point- and grid-based occurrences at different resolutions. On first observing the terrain, the founder of the herd said “"Looking across Rothiemurchus Forest to the Cairngorms from the railway bridge at Aviemore on a cold morning in April 1947, I was instantly reminded of reindeer pastures in Lapland… species of ground, rock and tree lichens, which are elsewhere the chief food of reindeer, were plentiful and of little use to other animals.” - Reindeer are perfectly adapted for the cold, in fact, they prefer it. We chose this species because it is a common representative of the shrub-like reindeer lichens, which are of ecological significance in the ground layer of subalpine–alpine, boreal and subarctic habitats of the Northern Hemisphere. Nyl. It has also been used as a food among native tribes, and to make tea. Composed of many light and dainty branches, it grows in cushion-like tufts. You can sometimes find three or four Cladina species in a single clump. Species: Cladonia portentosa Subspecies: C. p. subsp. Common Name : Reindeer Lichen , Reindeer moss, Caribou moss, Reindeer moss lichen – The lichen is one of the primary food sources for reindeer (Rangifer tarandus); their North American counterparts are called caribou. Key to Reindeer Lichens and Similar Species in Newfoundland and Labrador. The Florida perforate reindeer lichen occurs only in the state of Florida and is characterised by its yellow-grey, complex branching pattern. It is well suited for growing in a container indoors. Vecchio Photo. Similar species: C. rangiferina (Reindeer lichen) is the similar but ashy white in color. The result was a concoction known as "stomach ice cream". Umbilicaria esculenta is a black foliose lichen that grows on rocks. Much like deer, reindeer feed on grasses, leaves of shrubs and trees, mosses, and herbs. Reindeer lichen (Cladonia rangiferina), fruticose lichen belonging to the Cladoniaceae family. Together with other closely related species, C. rangiferina constitutes the principal winter food of caribou in North America and reindeer in Europe. Source and Description Reindeer lichen is a slow growing plant that is only reported to grow by 3-5mm per year. The lichen covers immense areas in northern tundra and taiga ecosystems and serves as pasture for reindeer, moose, caribou, and musk oxen. (This is yet another "moss" that is really a lichen.) References. Reindeer Lichen species Accepted Name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Native. Some Arctic inhabitants mixed the partly digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs. C. perforatais the most unique member of the scrub-lichen community, by virtue of its restricted and unusual disjunct distribution and overall global rarity. Page 4-888 FLORIDA PERFORATE CLADONIA Multi-Species Recovery Plan for South Florida. Reindeer moss, or Cladonia rangiferina, is a fruticose lichen that is a staple food of reindeer and caribou. Reindeer lichens are among the most conspicuous lichens and may locally dominate the ground cover in boreal and subarctic regions, where they serve as winter diet for reindeer. Reindeer Moss like most lichens, is 94% carbohydrate and 6% acid. Species; Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) Species Detail - Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) - Species information displayed is based on all datasets. In fact, males’ antlers can grow up to a whopping 1.4 metres in length and have as many 44 points, called ‘tines‘. ... Lichen Gallery of Leif & Anita Stridvall - Cladonia protentosa; Irish lichens (photos and descriptions) - Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; Vernacular names . During winter in the Arctic, reindeer eat lichens and plants they find beneath the snow. Reindeer moss is a slow-growing lichen species that can take up to 30 years to regrow if the top layer is damaged. Ahti T: Studies on the caribou lichen stands of 1. The species name comes from the reindeer and caribou genus ‘rangifer’. Related Links. Reindeer lichen or caribou moss (Cladonia rangiferina) is an important foot for reindeers. Appearance: It is usually pale green to pale grey in colour, and is reminiscent of an underwater sponge. Wildlife. When dry it can be quite brittle but once wet it becomes somewhat sponge-like. Up to eight species of reindeer lichens commonly occur in Florida scrub. They are the only deer species in which both the male and female can grow antlers. The average adult reindeer eats 9 to 18 pounds of vegetation each day. "As the common names suggest, reindeer lichen is an important food for reindeer (caribou), and has economic importance as a result. Containers specifically designed for use as terrariums are available at garden centers and pet stores. Reindeer Moss Facts. The star-tipped reindeer lichen is a large vertical-growing lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like heads. Furthermore, Native Americans in regions near the Great Lakes were known to practice the peculiar tradition of bathing new-born babies in a decoction of reindeer lichen. Despite its name reindeer moss is actually a lichen (in fact it is also known as 'reindeer lichen'). × Terrestrial Map - 10km. Due to destruction by overgrazing, burning or being trampled on it is leaving us with the consequence that it may take decades for this plant to return to those areas. Step 1 Choose a container made from clear glass or plastic. It is found across Europe, North America and Asia. Reindeer lichen Cladonia rangiferina growing on a branch of an old oak tree. NPS/C. 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