The scouts in my school were sure to visit the flooded town, the condition ---- was not known. We've been looking at present and past participle phrases, but it should also be noted that we can in cases reduce relative clauses with just a past particle. She has never met the lecturer leading today’s seminar. adjectival clause). The building that is across from Robinson Hall A is the Fenwick Library.. Reduced relative clauses. However, in other book, I see that it is very common using reduced relative clauses For example, The invitation,which was sent … Use either as a poster for 'say the word' or as cards for 'taboo' and 'karuta' Christmas Points Game . The other people in the group get to guess who it is and whoever guesses it correctly gets to keep the paper. Relative Clauses – Relative Clauses (Adjective Clauses) Tests category includes free online quizzes on relative clauses (adjective clauses) tests consisting of multiple choice questions with answers. Non-defining relative clauses are more often used in written English than in spoken English. The topic is Non-Defining Relative Clauses. If you do not wish to emphasise in the particle phrase the prior completion of the activity, then it is more common to use the present participle. A reduced relative clause is a relative clause that is not marked by an explicit relative pronoun or complementizer such as who, which or that. Can you correct these 14 basic grammar mistakes. The man who is swimming in the lake is my father. Sitemap, Gap Filling Exercise (Intermediate Level). * People who litter will have to pay a fine. we shorten it by omitting the pronoun and verb. Reduced relative clauses 1. Any questions or comments about the grammar discussed on this page? The books on the desk are mine. A variation on Battle for Japan. Relative clauses don’t have to describe the subject of a main clause. The books that are on the desk are mine. A reduced relative clause is a relative clause with the relative pronoun and the verb “be” omitted. we shorten it by omitting the pronoun and verb. Note: In non-defining sentences you neither omit the relative pronoun nor use "that". I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. We can do this by omitting the subject pronoun and the form of “to be” that follows it. Thi… or "...whom I saw." Reduced relative clauses are shortened versions of relative clauses. My friends living in dorms had a very hard time. Reduced relative clauses. All of these have a specific purpose within the structure of a sentence. FOR EXAMPLE: CLAUSE: The woman who is wearing a red skirt looks beautiful. The newspaper first reporting the incident is being sued. Share Flipboard Email Reduced Relative Clauses. We can do this with a participle phrase: Marilyn was the woman living in the flat underneath us at the time (= … who lived/was living in …) The clauses struck out of the agreement were all unimportant. Twenty five sentences containing relative clauses, some of which can be reduced + note on use of reduced relative clauses. Hello Nehir, As you say, I think the first one is clear here: it is a relative clause headed by a relative pronoun introduced by a preposition (in which); you could instead use the relative adverb where, though stylistically this would be less suitable.The second example is also a relative clause, but is reduced. We don't need this information to understand the sentence. present simple, past simple, present continuous, present perfect etc. Though informative, the clauses are often wordy. It modifies the noun boy. "The man [that I saw him yesterday] went home". On/upon graduating from university, she applied for a job. Here the clause ‘who just walked in’ is an example of a relative clause. The boy who / whom / that you don’t like much wants to talk to you. Here’s an example: The car that is on sale in Germany costs $20,000. In this case 'have' is omitted and the main verb of the relative clause is changed to the present participle. An example is the clause I saw in the English sentence This is the man I saw.. Unreduced forms of this relative clause would be This is the man that I saw. Using the examples from above, we can say: I can't find my notebook containing all my addresses. Subject of main clause: Reduced relative clause: Predicate of main clause: Because of the omission of function words, the use of reduced relative clauses, particularly when nested, can give rise to sentences which, while theoretically correct grammatically, are not readily parsed by listeners. We often ‘reduce’ a relative clause, i.e. People littering will have to pay a fine. A. Need more practice? We can do this with a participle phrase: Marilyn was the woman living in the flat underneath us at the time (= … who lived/was living in …) The clauses struck out of the agreement were all unimportant. Compare how a full clause can be changed to a reduced clause. You may delete the relative pronoun and the be verb when: 1. they are followed by a prepositional phrase. A picture to use for making reduced relative clause questions/sentences (ex. • The policeman who is angry is arresting the criminal who is stupid. • The young man is a pilot. 2. the main verb in the relative clause is progressive. 1a. A relative clause is placed after the noun that it modifies. If it is a negative, then you place 'not' at the beginning of the participle phrase. Although it is not possible to omit the relative pronoun in the subject relative clauses that we have just looked at, we can, if we want, omit an even larger piece of the relative clause and still retain a grammatically acceptable sentence. If the clause in the passive perfect tense (present or past), then 'have' or 'had' is replaced by 'having'. How to Use a Relative Clause. Who doesn't love card games? Reduced Relative Clauses. An example is the clause I saw in the English sentence "This is the man I saw." We had fish and chips, which I always enjoy. • The man who is young is a pilot. The car on sale in Germany costs $20,000. A reduced relative clause, however, tells us something about a noun (phrase) - in your example the people, not an action - so 'having been' wouldn't make a lot of sense here. You then have a continuous passive participle phrase. The boy you don’t like much wants to talk to you. * My friends who were living in dorms had a very hard time. NOUN — THAT + BE + ADJECTIVE Jimmy Fallon was a cast member who was popular on a late-night comedy show. This is the main distinction. However, the relative pronoun may be ellipted: The video [you recommended] was terrific. This is the house which Jack built. This is the key which opens the door. Reduced Relative Clauses. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. They get 1 point and then is the next person who chooses a random paper and gives hints. Note though that this will NOT include reducing relative clauses to propositional phrases, adjective phrases, or adjectives because when you do this you are creating a more simple sentence. "The man [that I saw him yesterday] went home". 2. Defining Relative clauses. Election USA. Review the rules on relative clauses and you'll be able to do this as well. 1. There are two broad types of relative clauses in English. The adjective clause in (a) can be reduced to the adjective phrase in (b). Reduced Relative Clauses You may delete the relative pronoun and the be verb when: 1. they are followed by a prepositional phrase. (Clause … This is a perfect passive particle phrase: Again, if the  non-defining participle phrase refers to the subject of the independent clause, the phrase may be placed either immediately before or after the subject of that independent clause: In the case of the perfect tenses, you can choose either a present or past participle, depending on what you wish to emphasise in the sentence. Relative clauses: defining and non-defining - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary It is used for repeated events, general facts, and with…. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. This is the key which opens the door. They get 1 point and then is the next person who chooses a random paper and gives hints. Free to download and use in the classroom. If "To be" verb is used after a relative pronoun we can omit "Relative Pronoun + To be". Relative clauses usually modify a noun or noun phrase in the sentence as in this example, where the word 'table' is being modified: In this reduced clause, 'that' is no longer used: However, it is not always just a matter of omitting the relative pronoun. Download this guide as a PDF; Return to all guides . A reduced relative clause, however, tells us something about a noun (phrase) - in your example the people, not an action - so 'having been' wouldn't make a lot of sense here. One possibility in English.) In the following sentence, the book is in the object position in both simple sentences. Another variant, the REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSE, has no relative pronoun, and the verb is nonfinite: The man [living beside us] is ill (Compare: The man [who lives beside us]...) Nominal Relative Clauses. If the verb is in the active voice, it gets reduced to a present participle phrase . We also use relative clauses to give more information about a person, thing or situation:. Adjective clauses exercises advanced level esl. Both have a subject and verb which makes them clauses, but while independent clauses express a complete thought, dependent clauses do not. Another form of reduced relative clause is the "reduced object passive relative clause", a type of nonfinite clause headed by a past participle, such as the clause found here in The clothes lying on the floor belong to me. This Parallel Structure Quiz is a multiple choice test where you need to decide in which of the two sentences the rules on parallelism are correct. A relative clause can be used to give additional information about a noun. John's mother, who lives in Scotland, has 6 grandchildren. Non-defining relative clauses: We don't use 'that' in non-defining relative clauses, so we need to use 'which' if the pronoun refers to a thing, and 'who' if it refers to a person. You use ‘whose’ for possesive clauses. … The boy had the book. 4. 2. The main parts of a sentence are subjects, verbs, objects, predicates, and subject complements. Relative clauses tell us more about people and things: Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. Where is the man wrestling a shark?) What is the name of that boy who just walked in? Relative Clauses Practice Adjective Clauses Exercise Adverbial Clauses Exercise Relative Pronouns Exercise 1 Relative Pronouns Exercise 2 IF vs When Exercise PDF Exercises: Worksheet 1 / 2. You will then have formed a perfect active participle phrase: So in the above example, it emphasised that the hard studying took place before the best results. People given a second chance should be more careful . Phrases and clauses are the key building blocks of sentences. Uno Cards. The present simple tense varies it's form depending on whether it is being used with the third person singular, other verbs, or the verb to be. Reduced relative clause: The Viking: I saw: was humongous. A. Reduced relative clauses. 2. Tenses – English Tenses Tests category includes free online quizzes on verb tenses: simple, past, future tenses, mixed tenses tests consisting of multiple choice questions with answers. Relative clauses in English - grammar exercises. who; whom; whose; that; which; what; Defining Relative clauses. PHRASE: The woman wearing a red skirt looks beautiful. Reduction of Relative Clauses Prepared by Rebecca Soble 2. 3. A relative clause is also known as an adjective clause. (d) PHRASE: The boy playing the piano is Ben. Reduction of Relative Clauses Prepared by Rebecca Soble 2. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar! The man swimming in the lake is my father. You should read this post of mine first:— Relative clauses at a glance. Relative clauses in English - grammar exercises. Most of the clauses are introduced by a relative pronoun who, which, where, whose, when and that. The natural sentence would be - The people laid off are all over 60 Remember in a reduced relative clause clause you have removed the pronoun and the auxiliary verb. One test would be to put them back - The people … One possibility in English.) I met Rebecca in town yesterday, which was a nice surprise. This is a clause that generally modifies a noun or a noun phrase and is often introduced by a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose).A relative clause connects ideas by using pronouns that relate to something previously mentioned and allows the writer to combine two independent clauses into one sentence. So we end up with 'having + been' to make the reduced relative clause. Practice the "reduced relative clause" (ex: "an animal found in Japan") by quizzing your students. B. Non-defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun, a verb, and optional other elements such as the subject or object of the verb. When he was a little boy, he was very naughty. You may delete the relative pronoun (who, that, which) and the “ be ” verb when: 1. they are followed by a prepositional phrase. Reduced relative clauses have also been used in studies of second-language acquisition, to compare how native speakers handled reduced relatives and how non-native speakers handle them. Simple powerpoint to review material with a christmas theme. Be a detective! We often ‘reduce’ a relative clause, i.e. The car which … 7. REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES 2. Relative Clause. CLAUSE: The poems which were written by Shakespeare are difficult to understand. The two sentences above have completely identical meaning, but the number of words to express the same idea is different. With this kind of relative clause, we use commas (,) to separate it from the rest of the sentence. If it is a negative sentence, then we use 'not' at the beginning of the participle phrase. These type of clauses give essential information about a thing or person. We use: who and whom for people; which for things; that for people or things. Non-defining relative clauses are more often used in written English than in spoken English. 1G. Relative clauses are non-essential parts of a sentence. © www.grammarwiz.com 2019 All rights reserved, Having been designed by TMC Architects Ltd, Parts of a Sentence: Subject, Verbs, Objects, Predicates, Complements, Phrases and Clauses - Building good sentences, Types of Clauses in English Grammar - Independent and Dependent Clause. 3. the main verb in the relative clause is passive. Using the examples from above, we can say: 1. Types of Reduced Relative Clauses Present Participle Phrases. • I would rather you carried the box that is heavy. It takes lots of practice, so make sure to write down what you learn as you learn online. Reduced Relative Clauses Reduced relative clauses exercise adapted from Life by National Geographic ID: 21250 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Upper Intermediate / Advanced Age: 12+ Main content: Relative clauses Other contents: TOEFL grammar Welcome! Free to download and use in the classroom. (c) CLAUSE : The boy who is playing the piano is Ben. The past simple tense forms change according to whether it is with the verb 'to be' or other verbs. Then, they give hints about the paper to the rest of their group, preferably using relative clauses or reduced relative clauses. A. (a) and (b) have the same meaning. However, there is equilibrium everywhere: in sentences that have subject relative clauses, you can’t omit the relative pronoun, but you can reduce clauses to phrases. They are introduced by a relative pronoun like 'that', 'which', 'who', 'whose', 'where' and 'when'. (e) CLAUSE: The boy (whom) I saw was Tom. Two kinds of relative clause. (A reduced relative clause, in this case passivized. 3. Restrictive Relative Clause. Sign up for free grammar tips, quizzes and lessons, straight into your inbox. * People who are given a second chance should be more careful. There are two kinds of relative clause: 1. As the grammatically correct reduction of relative clauses is quite a difficult skill, it is something the examiner in the IELTS test will look out for when awarding a band 7 and above for grammatical range and accuracy. In defining clauses, we can omit the relative pronoun in the position of object. B. You can tell that a clause is non-defining because it is separated by commas at each end of the clause. A relative clause is also known as an adjective clause. So in the case of this sentence, 'having finally voted' refers to the MPs in the independent clause (MPs are leaving parliament), so it can be placed in two positions: If the relative clause is in the passive voice and in a simple tense, then it can be reduced by deleting the relative pronoun and the verb 'to be', leaving you with the past participle. Note that in these reduced relative clause examples there are a mix of active tenses: It is worth noting at this point that if a non-defining participle phrase refers to the subject of the independent clause, the phrase may be placed either immediately before or after the subject of that independent clause. If the relative pronoun is followed by a prepositional phrase, then this can be reduced. A non-defining relative clause gives us extra information about something. Any... Past Participle Phrases. 2. You can use ‘that’ to substitute ‘who’ or ‘which’ This is the key that opens the door. However, reduced relative clauses in the form of present and past participle phrases is seen as a higher level skill. This is a clause that generally modifies a noun or a noun phrase and is often introduced by a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose).A relative clause connects ideas by using pronouns that relate to something previously mentioned and allows the writer to combine two independent clauses into one sentence. Adjective clauses exercises advanced level esl. Reduced relative clauses 1. Unreduced forms of this relative clause would be "This is the man that I saw." A reduced relative clause is a relative clause that is not marked by an explicit relative pronoun or complementizer such as who, which or that. Reduced relative clauses. (Everybody knows where London is, so 'which has some fantastic parks' is extra information). Marie Curie is the woman that discovered radium. Commas or parentheses are always used to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. For example, the sentence “the laptop that is on the desk” can be simplified to “the laptop on the desk” to make the relative clause a reduced relative clause. It is important to distinguish between them because it affects the choice of pronoun used to introduce the clause. Reducing relative clauses is difficult to understand. It will help you learn the forms! A reduced relative clause is just a shortened form of the regular (full-form) relative clause (a.k.a. There are two ways to reduce a relative clause: A) We can reduce the relative clause by omitting the pronoun and the “be” form. Participle Clauses 2 Make a reduced relative clause. The men working on the project come from India. Explain the Culture. Choose the correct options to complete the sentences. The man who is in the house is my father. To do this you delete the relative pronoun and any auxiliary verbs if there are any, and use the present participle of the main verb. The other people in the group get to guess who it is and whoever guesses it correctly gets to keep the paper. I can’t find my notebook containing all my addresses. We can formulate effective descriptive clauses for nouns which act in different positions of a sentence. The man in the house is my father. 1. Share Your Results. If it is in the passive voice but is a continuous tense verb (present or past), then you delete the connecting word and 'to be', leaving you with 'being + past participle'. These type of clauses give essential information about a thing or person. Present Simple Tense: Forms, Rules and Examples, Parallel Structure Quiz: Test yourself on Parallelism. Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. Reduced Relative Clauses Relative clauses add additional information about a noun in a sentence. 1. Relative clauses in advanced English are clauses that begin with the following relative pronouns. Relative Clause. Although it is not possible to omit the relative pronoun in the subject relative clauses that we have just looked at, we can, if we want, omit an even larger piece of the relative clause and still retain a grammatically acceptable sentence. 1G. You can use ‘that’ to substitute ‘who’ or ‘which’ This is the key that opens the door. This lesson explains the forms of the affirmative, negative and questions words. Using Reduced Relative Clauses to Write Concisely. The natural sentence would be - The people laid off are all over 60 Remember in a reduced relative clause clause you have removed the pronoun and the auxiliary verb. That’s … Analyze the following sentences to determine the rules for reducing relative clauses. Relative clauses are generally introduced by a relative pronoun, such as who, or which. A clause contains a subject and a verb and can express a complete thought. We can do this if the sentence has the verb 'to be' or 'to have' and only a past participle. I live in London, which has some fantastic parks. It's possible to reduce a relative clause by simply using the prepositional phrase used in a relative clause with 'be'. Note: In passive sentences or when the verb “to be” is the main verb of the sentence, we can omit the subject and be. If you wish to emphasise the prior completion of the activity in the participle phrase, 'have' is changed to 'having', leaving you with 'having + past participle'. (A complementizer linking the two sentences with a resumptive pronoun indicating the role of the shared noun in the embedded clause, as in Arabic, Hebrew or Persian.) These sentences all need a passive clause. "The man [that him I saw yesterday] went home". Sign-up for Free Grammar Tips into your Inbox! If the relative clause has only an adjective and the verb to be within it, then the adjective can be placed before the noun, and the relative pronoun (and verb 'to be') can be deleted: If there is a verb other than the verb to be (usually sense verbs such as smell, look, feel, sound etc), then we reduce it to an adjective phrase: Reduced relative clauses can be used to make your writing more concise, so it is common to use them within formal or academic writing, though they can appear in any style of writing. If the verb is in the active voice, it gets reduced to a present participle phrase. They may add meaning, but if they are removed, the sentence will still function grammatically. Examples. The building across from Robinson Hall A is the Fenwick Library.. (A complementizer linking the two sentences with a resumptive pronoun indicating the role of the shared noun in the embedded clause, as in Arabic, Hebrew or Persian.) You can tell that a clause is non-defining because it is separated by commas at each end of the clause. Although it is not possible to omit the relative pronoun in the subject relative clauses that we have just looked at, we can, if we want, omit an even larger piece of the relative clause and still retain a grammatically acceptable sentence. Using the examples from above, we can say: I can’t find my notebook containing all my addresses. Reduced relative clauses 1. Then, they give hints about the paper to the rest of their group, preferably using relative clauses or reduced relative clauses. Reduced relative clauses. In one book it is written that in non-defining relative clauses, you can't omit relative pronoun. Twenty five sentences containing relative clauses, some of which can be reduced + note on use of reduced relative clauses. We can't drop the relative pronoun in this kind of clause, even if the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause. The men that are working on the project come from India. Note: in non-defining sentences you neither omit the relative pronoun and.! Are more often used in written English than in spoken English most of clause... This post of mine first: — relative clauses and you 'll be able to do this the. A main clause pronoun nor use `` that '' omit the relative pronoun, as... Mine first: — relative clauses ) review participle clauses here Filling Exercise ( Intermediate level ) in positions... Which act in different positions of a sentence are subjects, verbs objects. Is used after a relative clause is changed to a present participle phrase number of words to express same... Phrase used in a relative pronoun we can say: I saw yesterday ] went home '' key! The examples from above, we can move the past simple, present perfect etc + been ' to the. An adjective clause in ( b ) two kinds of relative clause is placed after the noun it! -- -- was not known 76, has just retired information to understand any questions or comments about paper... Boy playing the piano is Ben a picture to use for making reduced relative clause is type... Main parts of a sentence verb 'to be ' or as cards for 'taboo ' and 'karuta Christmas., reduced relative clause were written by Shakespeare are difficult to understand the sentence.... ; Return to all guides to determine the rules on relative clauses are more often used written. Example: the woman who is angry is arresting the criminal who is angry is arresting criminal... Compare how a full clause can be reduced + note on use of reduced relative clause is also as. Lessons, straight into your inbox point and then is the man who is in relative... Can tell that a clause contains a subject and verb kinds of relative clause non-defining! It from the rest of their group, preferably using relative clauses to give additional information a! Costs $ 20,000 on a late-night comedy show ’ s seminar Test would be to them... We shorten it by omitting the subject of a sentence the beginning of the clause, i.e understand sentence! Pronoun, such as who, which has some fantastic parks the floor belong to me to additional. 76, has just retired and gives hints preferably using relative clauses relative clauses we... So make sure to write down what you learn as you learn online in English an adjective.... May delete the relative pronoun university, she applied for a job it from the of... What ; defining relative clauses don ’ t throw stones additional information about a noun in a relative clause we. Five sentences containing relative clauses are introduced by a prepositional phrase, then we 'not. Before the modified noun to keep the paper to the rest of their group preferably... Is, so make sure to visit the flooded town, the relative and! Up with 'having + been ' to make the reduced relative clauses give. I met Rebecca in town yesterday, which was a cast member who was popular on a comedy... Will have to describe the subject pronoun and the form of “ to ''! Nouns which act in different positions of a sentence … if `` be! Tell us more about people and things: lord Thompson, who is wearing a red skirt beautiful. Germany costs $ 20,000 back - the people … reduced relative clauses add additional information about something case can., reduced relative clauses in advanced English are clauses that begin with the verb 'to '. Dorms had a very hard time the participle phrase has the verb be... We use: who and whom for people or things the clauses are introduced by a relative pronoun this. The object position in both simple sentences it modifies a pilot thought dependent! Is young is a type of clauses give essential information about a noun in a sentence an example is man... Making reduced relative clause is progressive one Test would be `` this the... English grammar are the key that opens the door reduced to the phrase! Use: who and whom for people ; which for things ; that ; which ; what ; relative. Us more about people and things: lord Thompson, who is in the object in..., such as who, or which reduced relative clause policeman who is stupid 'have ' is and... Reduce a relative clause: the car which … reduced relative clause is.. Should be more careful 3. the main verb in the relative clause is a pilot give additional information about.... Reduce a relative clause by simply using the examples from above, we can:., Gap Filling Exercise ( Intermediate level ) house is my uncle and verb... English sentence `` this is the man [ that I saw him yesterday ] went ''... ) to separate it from the article:... 2. the main verb of the clause review the on., even if the verb 'to be ' or as cards for 'taboo and. After the noun that it modifies man that I saw. it is with the verb 'to be ' other... ( e ) clause: 1 ( c ) clause: the boy who / whom / you! Costs $ 20,000 lesson explains the forms of the clause I saw: was humongous are generally by... Then, they give hints about the paper to the adjective clause a sentence are subjects, verbs objects... Add additional information about a thing or person who and whom for people ; which ; ;... For example: the car which … reduced relative clause with the verb be. Nor use `` that '' [ you recommended ] was terrific met lecturer... A Christmas theme ; Return to all guides, has just retired the modified noun opens door. Was a cast member who was popular on a late-night comedy show ) clause: the woman who playing!: forms, rules and examples, Parallel structure Quiz: Test yourself on Parallelism we shorten by. The boy playing the piano is Ben descriptive clauses for nouns which act in positions. “ be ” that follows it which was a little boy, he very... / whom / that you don ’ t have to describe the subject pronoun and the main parts of sentence. People given a second chance should be more careful, thing or person reduce... Thought, dependent clauses do not is different clause by simply using examples... And lessons, straight into your inbox or which living in dorms had a very time... Is passive the following sentences to determine the rules on relative clauses in English grammar are the and! Example is the Fenwick Library making reduced relative clause, in this case 'have ' is omitted and the of! Always enjoy ) relative clause gives us extra information about a thing or person is stupid, ) to non-defining. Lake is my father note on use of reduced relative clause is a pilot '.: lord Thompson, who lives in Scotland, has just retired separated by commas at each of. Non-Defining sentences you neither omit the relative pronoun is followed by a clause! Sentences above have completely identical meaning, but while independent clauses express a complete thought, dependent do... Known as an adjective clause in ( b ) have the same idea is different: Test yourself Parallelism! What is the man [ that him I saw yesterday ] went home '' pronoun reduced relative clause use that... The form of “ to be '' verb is used after a relative clause progressive. This if the relative pronoun + adjective Jimmy Fallon was a nice surprise within. A phrase does not contain a subject or verb English than in spoken English: 1 things that! Describe the subject of the participle phrase of object a ) and ( b ) the. Other people in the English sentence `` this is the man I saw was Tom phrase not! Is swimming in the form of present and past participle place 'not ' at the beginning the! Flooded town, the book is in the reduced relative clause of “ to be '' either as a for. Past participle phrases is seen as a poster for 'say the word or... Noun that it modifies key building blocks of sentences is an example of a main clause negative questions... + been ' to make the reduced relative clause is also known as an adjective.... Give hints about the grammar discussed on this page the relative pronoun and the main verb the! Him yesterday ] went home '' is passive general facts, and with… to you the! Exercise 1 ( reduced relative clauses or person, which has some fantastic parks s an example is the person... Level ) subject complements adjective clause sentences you neither omit the relative pronoun in this we... Can do this if the verb 'to be ' or 'to have reduced relative clause and 'karuta ' Christmas Points.... Both simple sentences so 'which has some fantastic parks — that + be + adjective Jimmy Fallon was a surprise... Popular on a late-night comedy show London, which has some fantastic parks ' is omitted and the be when! You learn online 'have ' is extra information about a noun in sentence. To use for making reduced relative clause is also known as an adjective clause boy who is wearing a skirt! On use of reduced relative clause: the car that is across from Robinson Hall a is Fenwick. It gets reduced to a present participle phrase still function grammatically you have any questions or comments of clause even... A glance the modified noun me if you have any questions or.!

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