Nicotiana latissima Mill. Leaves. UniProtKB. Protein knowledgebase. NAME 1.1 Scientific name Nicotiana Tabacum L 1.2 Family Solanaceae 1.3 Common name(s) Fumo Petume Petina Pitura etum Tabaco (Brazil) Tabaco (Argentina) Tobacco (USA). Common Name: Tobacco. Flowers tubular, cream, pink, or green-white, 5-lobed at the top. 1997 Jul;78 ( Pt 7):1785-90. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 180. [8], The regions that have histories of use of the plant include:[citation needed]. Common name: “Tobacco” or “American Tobacco”. ... Common names are used instead of botanical.]. Research is ongoing into its ancestry among wild Nicotiana species, but it is believed to be a hybrid of Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, and possibly Nicotiana otophora. Nicotiana chinensis Fischer Nicotiana chinensis Fischer ex Lehmann Nicotiana crispula hort. Habitats: Not known in a truly wild situation. Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Monsanto, 3rd, C, 256 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. General description: Robust herb up to 3m tall, cultivated as a crop but sometimes found as a weedy escape.. Nicotiana tabacum, or cultivated tobacco, is an annually-grown herbaceous plant. The curing method used depends on the type of tobacco and its intended use. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Bolivia: acará; coss; pairr It has mostly been replaced by shorter varieties that open during the day and have no fragrance. Other varieties are cultivated as ornamental plants or appear as a weed. Nicotiana tabacum. Nicotiana crispula hort. SUMMARY 2.1 Main risks and target organs Nicotianas are highly toxic plants due to their nicotine alkaloid content. HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! ex Steud. N.C. The dried leaves are also used as snuff or are smoked. In 1560, Jean Nicot de Villemain, then French ambassador to Portugal, brought tobacco seeds and leaves as a "wonder drug" to the French court. Air-cured tobacco is low in sugar, which gives the tobacco smoke a light, sweet flavour, and high in nicotine. They contain a volatile oil called nicotine, this is a virulent poison that produces nausea, vomiting, sweating, palpitations and nausea[232]. Cigar and burley tobaccos are air cured. Uncategorized Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1-2 m tall. The dried leaves can also be used; they remain effective for 6 months after drying. Nicotiana tabacum L. Preferred Common Name. Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) Genome info Pathway map Brite hierarchy Module Genome map Blast Taxonomy: Search genes: Genome information. Nicotiana rustica is a ANNUAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft). Comment “Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Terminal (leaf) node. Sun-cured tobacco is low in sugar and nicotine and is used in cigarettes. N. tabacum is a native of tropical and subtropical America but it is now commercially cultivated worldwide. Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. (4) The species N. tabacum has never been found to grow in the wild. Traditionally, the leaf has been … form a strategic partnership called N.C. Width: 1 ft. 0 in. pl. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). After tobacco is harvested, it is cured (dried), and then aged to improve its flavor. Acidic endochitinase P precursor - Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) UniProtKB - P17513 (CHIP_TOBAC) Preferred Scientific Name. Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: Air-cured tobacco is sheltered from wind and sun in a well-ventilated barn, where it air dries for six to eight weeks. Tabako (Tag.) Nicotiana tabacum, or cultivated tobacco, is an annually-grown herbaceous plant. 1753. POISONOUS PLANTS 1. In fire curing, smoke from a low-burning fire on the barn floor permeates the leaves. Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) Status. Temperatures of 20–30 °C (68–86 °F) are best for adequate growth; an atmospheric humidity of 80 to 85% and soil without a high level of nitrogen are also optimal. N. tabacum is sensitive to temperature, air, ground humidity and the type of land. Research is ongoing into its ancestry among wild Nicotiana species, but it is believed to be a hybrid of Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, and possibly Nicotiana otophora. The leaf extract was a popular pest control method up to the beginning of the 20th century. ex Lehm. 1753 syn: Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. Leaves large, alternate, simple, with sticky hairs. - 2 ft. 0 in. It grows to heights between 1 and 2 meters (3' to 6'). current name. Common name i: Common tobacco: Synonym i-Other names i ›American tobacco ›Nicotania tabacum ›Nicotiana tabacum L. ›Nicotiana tabacum var. They can have a  spindly growth habit. ex Lehm. [6], The tobacco plant readily absorbs heavy metals from the surrounding soil and accumulates them in its leaves. This method is used in Greece, Turkey, and other Mediterranean countries to produce oriental tobacco. Family: Solanaceae. Pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff are fire cured. The distribution of the nicotine in the mature plant is widely variable: 64% of the total nicotine exists in the leaves, 18% in the stem, 13% in the root, and 5% in the flowers. A drying oil is obtained from the seed. Vomiting, diarrhea, slow pulse, dizziness, collapse, and respiratory failure may occur if eaten. [7], Tobacco also contains the following phytochemicals: glucosides (tabacinine, tabacine), 2,3,6-trimethyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, 2-methylquinone, 2-napthylamine, propionic acid, anthalin, anethole, acrolein, cembrene, choline, nicotelline, nicotianine, and pyrene. Cultivated throughout the world for the production of tobacco. Sun-cured tobacco dries uncovered in the sun. This is the main species that is used to make cigarettes, cigars, and other products for smokers. Nicotiana tabacum é uma planta herbácea perene, da família das solanáceas, oriunda da América tropical, de cujas folhas se produz a maior parte do tabaco comercializado. Nicotiana tabacum — Common tobacco Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae … Wikipedia. Virginia tobacco that has been flue cured is also called bright tobacco, because flue curing turns its leaves gold, orange, or yellow. - 5 ft. 0 in. This method produces cigarette tobacco that is high in sugar and has medium to high levels of nicotine. Herbarium Catalogue (34 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Jun 1, 2006: Etuge, M. [5284], Cameroon: K000339797: Rank: species. Journal: J Gen Virol. Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. T number: T04643: Org code: nta: Aliases: 4097: Full name: Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) Definition: Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) Annotation: yes: Taxonomy: Nicotiana Species: tabacum Family: Solanaceae Life Cycle: Annual Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: South America Wildlife Value: Resistant to deer Dimensions: Height: 3 ft. 0 in. The Belgian count Hippolyte Visart de Bocarmé had poisoned his brother-in-law with tobacco leaf extract in order to acquire some urgently needed money. Nicotiana caudata Nutt. Nicotiana … Leaf blades about 8-50 x 3-16 cm, petioles about 0-5 cm … Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Nicotiana florida Salisb. Fire curing takes three to ten weeks and produces a tobacco low in sugar and high in nicotine. Stem. Samsun Datura stramonium L.” DBLINKS This was the first exact proof of alkaloids in forensic medicine.[2]. Scientific names: Common names: Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. Type: South America. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Nicotiana alipes Steud. Common Name: Tobacco, Cultivated tobacco: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 7-10: Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are poisonous[4, 19, 65, 76]. Tobacco (Engl.) Nicotiana mexicana Schltdl. Does best with some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. In 1851, the Belgian chemist Jean Stas documented the use of tobacco extract as a murder poison. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. Tobacco. Nicotine accounts for 90-95% of the plant's pyridines with Nornicotine and anatabine accounting for roughly 2.5% each. Botanical name: Nicotiana tabacum. Solanaceae Week: Nicotiana tabacum from Manali: Nicotiana tabacum L., Sp. General information about Nicotiana tabacum (NIOTA) South America (probably originally Bolivia). L. Solanaceae + Synonyms. Nicotiana mexicana Schltdl. There are four common methods of curing tobacco: air curing, fire curing, flue curing, and sun curing. Needs consistently moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. 2. The juice of the leaves can be rubbed on the body as an insect repellent. [1], The plant is native to the Caribbean, where the Arawak/Taino people were the first to use it and cultivate it. It is found in cultivation, where it is the most commonly grown of all plants in the genus Nicotiana, and its leaves are commercially grown in many countries to be processed into tobacco. The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as tobacco plants. UniParc. Common names for Nicotiana include burley tobacco (N. tabacum), wild tree tobacco (N. glauca), wild tobacco (N. trigonophylla), and coyote tobacco (N. attenuata) (Color Plates 14 and 15). Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Nicotiana attenuata Steud. Nicotiana pilosa Dunal : Nicotiana tabacum Linn. Descrição. Other common names: –. ... Nicotiana tabacum L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. (1 May 1753) Annotation: as "Tabacum" Type-Protologue Distribution: South America Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser The Plants Database includes the following 22 species of Nicotiana . Range: S. America. [citation needed] Flue-cured tobacco is kept in an enclosed barn heated by flues (pipes) of hot air, but the tobacco is not directly exposed to smoke. Pyridyl functional groups present in minute amounts include anabasine, myosmine, cotinine and 2, 3′-bipyridyl. Annual or tender perennial with flowers that are fragrant when open at night. Alternative Titles: Nicotiana tabacum, common tobacco, cultivated tobacco Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of … English: Virginian tobacco; Spanish: tabaco; French: tabac; tabac comun; tabac de Virginie; Chinese: yan cao; Portuguese: tabaco comum; Local Common Names. Tobacco Tobacco is the common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and to a limited extent Nicotiana rustica and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways for smoking, chewing, snuffing and the extraction of nicotine, the principal alkaloid of tobacco. Tobacco leaves contain 2 to 8% nicotine combined as malate or citrate. Help. The leaves can be dried and chewed as an intoxicant. Nicotiana tabacum : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Nicotiana tabacum : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Nicotiana pilosa Dunal. tobacco; International Common Names. Sequence archive. Common name. The common tobacco plant , found as escape in Manali , photographed in October 2009 [citation needed], Natural tobacco polysaccharides, including cellulose, have been shown to be the primary precursors of acetaldehyde in tobacco smoke. This gives the leaves a distinctive smoky aroma and flavor. Scientific Name Nicotiana tabacum L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 1: 180. [3], Almost every part of the plant except the seed contains nicotine, but the concentration is related to different factors such as species, type of land, culture and weather conditions. Xanthi” , “Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. ex Lehm. & Sessé ex Dunal [Invalid] Tabaku (Sul.) It is the fastest method of curing, requiring about a week. It is in flower from July to September. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Annual Herbaceous Perennial Poisonous Maintenance: Low Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Back to the roots of modern analytical toxicology: Jean Servais Stas and the Bocarmé murder case", "Selective Determination of Pyridine Alkaloids in Tobacco by PFTBA Ions/Analyte Molecule Reaction Ionization Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry", "Investigation of Toxic Metals in the Tobacco of Different Iranian Cigarette Brands and Related Health Issues", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nicotiana_tabacum&oldid=994330798, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles needing additional references from November 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 04:14. The concentration of nicotine increases with the age of the plant. Tobacco arrived in Africa at the beginning of the 17th century. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to 1:180. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. TSJT1 - Stem-specific protein TSJT1 - Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) - TSJT1 gene & protein UniProtKB - P24805 (TSJT1_TOBAC) Close Search Form Open Search Form; Share on Facebook Tweet (Share on Twitter) Share on Linkedin Pin it (Share on Pinterest). Nicotiana tabacum L. Genbank common name: common tobacco. Amino acids contained include glutamic acids, asparagine, glutamine, and γ-Aminobutyric acid [5], Pyridine alkaloids are present in tobacco as free bases and salts. Nicotiana capensis Vilm. [4] The main polyphenols contained in the tobacco leaf are rutin and chlorogenic acid. It grows to heights between 1 and 2 meters (3' to 6'). Common Name(s): tobacco [English] tobacco : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: ... Nicotiana tabacum L. – cultivated tobacco : Species: Nicotiana tomentosa Ruiz ... Nicotiana : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 It is found in cultivation, where it is the most commonly grown of all plants in the genus Nicotiana, and its leaves are commercially grown in many countries to be processed into tobacco. Scientific name i: Nicotiana tabacum: Taxonomy navigation › Nicotiana. Nucleotide sequence of a new bipartite geminivirus isolated from the common weed Sida rhombifolia in Costa Rica. All parts of the plant contain nicotine, which can be extracted and used as an insecticide. Nicotiana tabacum Name Synonyms Nicotiana alba Mill. Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Category:Nicotiana tabacum' linked to current category] [edit wikidata 'Nicotiana tabacum' main topic of 'Category:Nicotiana tabacum'] English : cultivated tobacco , Common tobacco The hands or bales are aged for one to three years to improve flavor and reduce bitterness. Common name: Tobacco. x; UniProtKB. It was considered a decorative plant at first, then a panacea, before it became a common snuff and tobacco plant. Nicotiana fruiticosa Moc. Scientific Name: Nicotiana tabacum • Common Name: Tobacco • Toxins: The primary toxin is nicotine, a highly toxic alkaloid, which is present throughout the plant • Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number: 54-11-5 • Molecular Formula: C 10 H 14 N 2 • Chemical Structure: • These are readily absorbed into the user's body following smoke inhalation. 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