Salvias can easily be propagated by either sowing seeds (for annual types) or by taking cuttings or dividing old clumps (for biennial, perennial and herbaceous types). Mary Lougee has been writing for over 10 years. When I dug the plant up, I managed to divide (by removing the dirt from the roots and pulling apart the roots, while leaving some leaves on each root) the plant into about 10 plants. The care of salvias varies tremendously, depending on the type you grow. Depending on the plant, dividing is done with one of a couple of methods. For salvias that aren’t hardy in your area, take cuttings in fall with these simple steps: Snip off a non-flowering stem just below a leaf node so that the cutting is about 3 in. Place the stem cutting in a glass and add water to about 2 inches deep. I also cut back the flowers, so the plant would concentrate its efforts on it roots rather than its flowers. Water the transplants thoroughly. Typically plants with tap roots should not be divided (i.e. Comments are moderated and require approval before they are available for all users to view. When there is no more moisture on the paper towels, place the seeds in a sandwich bag. Take the seeds out of the refrigerator and let them come to room temperature one day before planting them. Today I am going to chop off the older larger leaves and stems down to the new leaves. 4. The best time to divide is in early spring before new growth begins. Part of the Labiatae family, the salvias consist of more than 900 species with nearly 400 cultivars. Insert a trowel into the soil around the drip line of the salvia plant. Other common names sage 'Hot Lips' . I put a couple back near the original location, with my new Yucca and the rest into a couple of pots filled with compost. Woodier roots will require a saw or clippers (i.e like daylilies). Selected award Winning perennials (1) Selected late summer colour (3) Selected perennials (3) Selected perennials (2) Selected perennials (1) Selected plants for pollinators (2) Selected plants for town gardens (1) Selected salvias (20) Selected summer colour (3) Selected summer flowering perennials (6) Top 100 perennials (2) If growing annual salvias, simply lift them before the first autumn frost and put on the compost heap. Store the seeds in your refrigerator until you plant them in the early spring. After several years, pruning and propagating overgrown perennial salvias will revitalize the plants. Take them out with a spade (this typically requires lots of heavy lifting), remove them from the hole and divide with a big saw, making sure to leave some leaves and roots on each section. Looking after salvias Half-hardy herbaceous types can be cut back in autumn but must then spend winter in a frost-free place. Salvia cuttings are ready to plant when they have several roots that are about 3/4 inch long. Divide very healthy plants for the best results in propagation. A group of plants I grow a lot in my own garden and in my clients’ garden designs is the perennial Salvias. She holds a Bachelor's Degree with a major in Management and a double minor in accounting and computer science. Hosta are typically quite strong and thrive on being divided. Lightly cover each seed with soil and tamp it down. Perennial Salvias are more commonly known as sage, being part of the mint family. Perennial Salvia found in: Salvia Collection, Salvia Bodacious™ 'Rhythm and Blues', Salvia 'Amethyst Lips', Salvia 'Dyson's Joy', Salvia.. It's easier to recover from being dug up and chopped into pieces when air temperatures are cool and the soil is moist. Wrap the divided sections in wet newspaper to keep the roots moist before planting them. Add water as necessary to maintain the 2-inch level in the glass. Dividing Herbaceous Perennial Salvias. Salvia blepharophylla ‘Painted Lady’ Half-hardy herbaceous perennial with black-tinted foliage and … Perennial Salvia: Divide plants in spring. You will have more plants of the same kind to add to your garden when you divide a perennial. One downside to this is that the area where you pulled out the plant will look kind of sad for a while (which calls for dividing in early spring or the fall to minimize the bare spots during the prime garden season). Allow established plants to dry out slightly between watering. Dig in several inches of compost if the soil is a heavy clay or very sandy. So don’t be afraid, go out and divide and make more plants! Planting and care of Salvias Plant salivas en masse for a stunning display of colour in garden beds or use the smaller more compact varieties for pot displays around patios and entertainment areas. Dig a small hole for each seed in your garden at the same depth as your seed size. Salvias are part of the mint family, the Lamiaceae and you can see they’re related both in the look of the leaves and also the shape of the flowers. The blooms will fall and seeds pods develop in the place of the blooms. Place a trowel underneath the root ball and press the handle down to raise the entire plant from the soil. If the center is dying out and brown, discard that section of the plant. Flowering from May through to the first frost Salvia is a fabulous addition to summer borders, attracting butterflies by the dozen, and its blooms are wonderful for both cutting and drying. Fall or early spring are the best times for dividing perennials. To lift a perennial with minimal root damage, begin digging at its drip line. A couple of weeks ago I dug out one of my huge  ‘purple rain’ salvia to divide (and because I wanted to rearrange some of the plants in the bed). A node is the area where leaves emerge off a stem. Paper towels soak up any remaining moisture from the seeds. Ornamental salvias are also a relative of common sage, the culinary herb used for cooking. The optimal time to divide specific perennials is denoted by (S) for spring and (F) for early fall. Technique for dividing perennials. Happy gardening! Loosen the soil on the root ball with your hands so you can see the roots. Congratulations on your high success rate with the salvia. Salvia faces several common problems caused by pests and fungi. The focus of this article is Salvias which make good perennial garden specimens between Hardiness Zones 3 and 8. Space seeds about 12 inches apart. Point your spade in the middle of the tuft you want to divide. Plant seeds in early spring after the last frost. 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